Hogg, James (The Ettrick Shepherd)

(1770-1835)
   Poet, and writer of tales, belonged to a race of shepherds, and began life by herding cows until he was old enough to be trusted with a flock of sheep. His imagination was fed by his mother, who was possessed of an inexhaustible stock of ballads and folk-lore. He had little schooling, and had great difficulty in writing out his earlier poems, but was earnest in giving himself such culture as he could. Entering the service of Mr. Laidlaw, the friend of Scott, he was by him introduced to the poet, and assisted him in collecting material for his Border Minstrelsy. In 1796 he had begun to write his songs, and when on a visit to Edin. in 1801 he coll. his poems under the title of Scottish Pastorals, etc., and in 1807 there followed The Mountain Bard. A treatise on the diseases of sheep brought him £300, on the strength of which he embarked upon a sheep-farming enterprise in Dumfriesshire which, like a previous smaller venture in Harris, proved a failure, and he returned to Ettrick bankrupt. Thenceforward he relied almost entirely on literature for support. With this view he, in 1810, settled in Edin., pub. The Forest Minstrel, and started the Spy, a critical journal, which ran for a year. In 1813 The Queen's Wake showed his full powers, and finally settled his right to an assured place among the poets of his country. He joined the staff of Blackwood, and became the friend of Wilson, Wordsworth, and Byron. Other poems followed, The Pilgrims of the Sun (1815), Madoc of the Moor, The Poetic Mirror, and Queen Hynde (1826); and in prose Winter Evening Tales (1820), The Three Perils of Man (1822), and The Three Perils of Woman. In his later years his home was a cottage at Altrive on 70 acres of moorland presented to him by the Duchess of Buccleuch, where he d. greatly lamented. As might be expected from his almost total want of regular education, H. was often greatly wanting in taste, but he had real imagination and poetic faculty. Some of his lyrics like The Skylark are perfect in their spontaneity and sweetness, and his Kilmeny is one of the most exquisite fairy tales in the language. Hogg was vain and greedy of praise, but honest and, beyond his means, generous. He is a leading character, partly idealised, partly caricatured, in Wilson's Noctes Ambrosianæ.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Hogg, James, The Ettrick Shepherd — (1770 1835)    Hogg spent most of his youth and early manhood as a shepherd in Ettrick Forest in the Scottish Borders. He was almost entirely self educated, but was able to read the Bible and the catechism. Sir Walter Scott included some poems… …   British and Irish poets

  • Hogg, James — (baptized Dec. 9, 1770, Ettrick, Selkirkshire, Scot. died Nov. 21, 1835, Altrive, Yarrow) Scottish poet. A shepherd, he was almost entirely self educated. The talents of the Ettrick Shepherd were discovered by Walter Scott when Hogg supplied… …   Universalium

  • HOGG, JAMES —    a Scottish poet, born in Ettrick; had little or no schooling; was bred a shepherd; took to rhyming; fell in with Sir Walter Scott, whom he assisted with his Border Minstrelsy ; rented a farm, and first came into notice by the publication of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hogg — /hog/, n. James ( the Ettrick Shepherd ), 1770 1835, Scottish poet. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hogg — /hɒg/ (say hog) noun James ( the Ettrick Shepherd ), 1770–1835, Scottish poet and author …   Australian English dictionary

  • James Hogg — (1770 21 November 1835) was a Scottish poet and novelist who wrote in both Scots and English. Biography Hogg was born in a farm near Ettrick Forest in Selkirk and baptized there on 9 December. He had little formal education, and became a shepherd …   Wikipedia

  • James Hogg — (* Dezember 1770 auf einer Farm im Ettrick Forest, damals Grafschaft Selkirkshire, heute Distrikt Scottish Borders, getauft am 9. Dezember 1770; † 21. November 1835 auf seiner Farm Altrive Lake, Scottish Borders) war ein schottischer Dichter.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Hogg — James Hogg. James Hogg (1770 21 de noviembre de 1835) fue un poeta y novelista escocés que escribió en inglés y escocés. Antes de dedicarse a la literatura fue pastor de ganado, viviendo en una extrema pobreza. Fue contemporáneo y amigo de Walter …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hogg — Hogg, 1) James, genannt der Ettrickschäfer (the Ettrick Shepherd), schott. Dichter, geb. im Dezember 1770 im Dorf Ettrick im südlichen Schottland, gest. 21. Nov. 1835, war der Sohn eines verarmten Schafzüchters und hütete selbst von früher Jugend …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ettrick —    ETTRICK, a parish, in the county of Selkirk, 18½ miles (S. W.) from Selkirk; containing 525 inhabitants. The name, of uncertain origin, is supposed by some to be in the Gaelic language descriptive of the river on which Ettrick is situated. The …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

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